Nagaland has the highest unemployment rate among the states and union territories (UTs) in India, according to the latest figures released by the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation (MoSPI), Government of India.
Worryingly, the worst affected were the youth under the age group of 15-26 years. As per the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) for July 2017-June 2018, the unemployment rate in Nagaland for 15-29 years age-group stood at an overall 56%. Breaking it up, under the rural category, the rate was 56.2% (male 52.2% and female 58.6%) and 55.2% in the urban category (male 48.6% and female 65.5%). In both categories, unemployment rates among the female was higher than among males. When compared with the rest of the Northeastern states, the divide is severe.
Unemployment rate in Meghalaya stood at just 5.1%; Sikkim at 10.8%; Mizoram at 28.6%; Assam at 27%; Manipur at 35.7%; and Tripura at 19.9%. After Dadra and Nagar Haveli at 1.1%, Meghalaya has the second lowest unemployment rate in the aforementioned age-group.
MoSPI Rao Inderjit Singh cited the report in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha on June 26. The alarming figures are indicative of the acute lack of employment opportunities in the country.
As in December 31, 2018, there were 75,046 applicants remaining on the live register of employment exchanges in Nagaland according to a report tabled by the CM Neiphiu Rio at the Assembly in February 2019. The figure had increased from 68, 504 in December 2016.