Access to improved sanitation has reduced the problem of malnutrition up to 5 percent in Mizoram. As per India Health Report for Nutrition Security in India, 2015, as many as 92 percent households in Mizoram had access to sanitation at the end of the 2011 census, against 82 percent during the 2001 census.
‘Open defecation and inadequate hand washing are some of the reasons for poor health among children which leads to undernourishment,’ the report further stated.
‘Due to better sanitation, in last few years, the prevalence of stunting (not growing to the normal height according to age) has declined by 13 percent, whereas underweight or malnourished children have reduced by five percent,’ the report informed.
Currently in India, there are 40 million stunted and 17 million malnourished children who are posing a great challenge to the economic development of the country.