Northeast India has various flora and fauna. Due to the presence of lush forests, dense hills and unpolluted water bodies, it is home to some of the most rare and endangered species of animals, birds and plants. ENe lists some endangered species that you should keep an eye out for when you visit this part of the country.
Red Panda, Sikkim
Red Panda or Red Cat Bear is a rare species. Its estimated population is less than 10,000. This rare species is threatened by habitat loss, poaching, etc. It feeds mainly on bamboo but also eats eggs, bird, insects and small mammals.
Clouded Leopard, Meghalaya
Clouded leopard is the smallest of the five big cats found in India. It is found in Meghalaya, West Bengal, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. Their prey includes both arboreal and terrestrial species. They are threatened by poaching, large scale deforestation, etc.
Sangai is found only in the marshy wetlands of Keibul Lamjao National Park. It is also called the brow-antlered deer. Their diet consists of water plants, grass, and shoots etc. Poaching and habitat loss are two factors which threaten them.
Hoolock Gibbon, Northeast India
Hoolock is found south of Brahmaputra and east of Dibang rivers. Their diet consists of fruits, insects and leaves.
Phayre’s Langur, Tripura
Phayre’s Langur is also called Phayre’s Leaf Monkey. It is found in Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, China, and Thailand. Its diet consists mostly of leaves.
By Payel Bhattacharjee
Photo: Tour My India