In a three-day workshop been jointly organized by the Indian Himalayas Climate Adaptation Programme (IHCAP), Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Centre for Media Studies (CMS), along with the climate change cell of Arunachal Pradesh, it was revealed that Yak is facing the threat of gradually rising temperatures in the region.
The increasing trend of environmental temperature at high altitudes is resulting in heat stress in yak during warmer months of the year. Climatic variables such as rainfall, cold waves and temperature change have been studied for the two yak rearing districts of Arunachal Pradesh–Tawang and West Kameng. The NRCY have gathered information from Brokpa namads who are engaged in yak husbandry in Arunachal Pradesh.
Vijay Paul, principal scientist at the ICAR-National Research Centre on Yak (NRCY) said Yak rearing is an eco-friendly livelihood for nomads who migrate to higher altitudes during summer and return to lower altitudes at about 3,000 meters above sea level during winters. This ensures that their animals remain in almost same ambient temperature all through the year. It helps minimize heat stress. This traditional migratory pattern is getting disturbed with changing weather patterns.
Omkar Singh, principal secretary, department of environment and forests, Arunachal Pradesh said the state had prepared the state action plan on climate change in 2013. The five year plan period has come to an end but no adaptation projects have been taken up in the state. The plan had components on adaptation measures for agriculture and animal husbandry sectors but there was no specific mention of protecting yak populations.
The three-day workshop has been jointly organised by the Indian Himalayas Climate Adaptation Programme (IHCAP), Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Centre for Media Studies (CMS), along with the state climate change cell.