Internet of Things (IoT) based real-time landslide warning system has been installed in Sikkim, the first of its kind in the Himalayan region by Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (AVV) University, an AVV director said. The system has been installed under the guidance of the Ministry of Earth Sciences at a cost of Rs 5 crore, informed the director of the Centre of Wireless Networks and Application of the institute, Maneesha Sudheer.
‘The data has started flowing in from the project site to the control room. There are 200 sensors that go as deep as 13 meters underground and the reading of the various data for analysis is getting transmitted. The system will monitor a densely populated area spanning 150 acres around Chandmari village in Gangtok district and be a life-saving system for at least 5,000 people. This area has seen several landslides in the past, with the first one reported in 1997,’ she said.
The project was given to AVV University after it successfully deployed and managed similar IoT based landslide warning system in the Western Ghats region of Munnar in Kerala since 2009 that continues to protect lives with successful warnings, Sudheer said.
AVV is the only Indian institution selected as the world centre of excellence in landslides and risk reduction till 2020. Officers also informed that Sikkim was selected after scanning 17 landslide-prone zones in Northeastern states and Uttarakhand. In Northeast Himalayas, the Sikkim-Darjeeling belt is at the most risk of landslides according to a study.