Bhut jolokia is gradually losing its fiery heat due to cross-pollination and certain changes in farming system in the region. This was revealed in a latest scientific study by a group of agricultural scientists from Assam Agricultural University (AAU).
Though agricultural scientists have opined that cross-pollination of flowers with different kinds of chillies and changing farming patterns in the State have changed the scale of bhut jolokia’s heat, they are yet to confirm whether any factor like frequent changes in agro-climatic conditions has caused a major impact on the quality of the chilly.
More Than a Condiment
In the last eight years the pungent quality of the bhut jolokia has come down to a lower level in the Scoville scale, which is used to measure the spicy heat of chilly. Because of its high pungency degree, the bhut jolokia has been on high demand as it is used by defence laboratories to produce non-lethal chilli grenades to flush out terrorists at impenetrable locations, and also smoke grenades to control riot-like situations.
Moreover, for its unique spicy flavour and heat, bhut jolokia is very popular among vegetarians and non-vegetarians alike in several Asian and European countries. The bhut jolokia is also used to keep wild elephants away from the agricultural land.
It is currently at the third position in the global list as it was superseded by Carolina Reaper of the USA and Trinidad Moruga Scorpion of Trinidad and Tobago.