For the first time, the pitcher plant (Nepenthes khasiana) which is known to be found only in Meghalaya has been found in Assam. The endangered species was spotted in the wild by Albert LS Betlu who is working at the North Eastern Region Community Resource Management Project in Dima Hasao district of Assam.
It was found at Vaitang Hebron in Biate village, 150km from Haflong, the headquarters of Dima Hasao at an altitude ranging from 510 to 1,115 metres. The village is about 1,000 hectares, of which approximately 200 hectares of forest area has been designated as Community Conserved Area (it is not known if Nepenthes khasiana grows here).The sighting has been reported in the Current Science journal.
In Meghalaya, the plant is found in the Jarain area of Jaintia hills, the Baghmara area of Garo hills and adjacent areas of Khasi Hills. The specimens were identified using Flora of Assam and the voucher specimen is deposited in herbarium of the department of botany, Haflong Government College.
The species is under the negative list of exports of Government of India. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species says it is intensively exploited for its medicinal value.